Repair hard disk errors with CHKDSK in Windows 11

CHKDSK, or “error checking” is a tool in Windows 11 to perform a check for logical or physical errors on a hard drive. Chkdisk can be run either through an app or through the Command Prompt.

To run Chkdsk you need to be logged in with an administrator account. You can then start Chkdsk from the File Explorer, Command Prompt, or Windows Terminal.

The primary function of Chkdsk is to scan the file system on a disk (NTFS, FAT32), and check the integrity of the file system. Including the file system metadata and fixing any logical errors in the file system.

Repair hard disk errors with CHKDSK in Windows 11

Run Chkdsk via File explorer

Open the File explorer. Click on “This PC” on the left. Then right-click on the drive you want to check for errors. In the menu, click on Properties.

In the properties of the drive, first, click on the “Tools” tab. After this, you can check a drive for file system errors by clicking the “Check” button.

Error checking hard disk in Windows 11

It will show whether the drive should be checked for errors or not. If you still want to scan the drive for errors, click the “Scan Drive” button.

If errors are found, you can decide if you want to fix the errors.

Error checking local disk

Start Chkdsk from the Command Prompt or Windows Terminal

Chkdsk also comes as a command-line app. You can run this in Windows or a recovery environment like the advanced startup options. You can choose to start Command Prompt or Terminal.

To perform a scan and error recovery action directly with chkdsk, enter the following command:

chkdsk <disk-letter>: /f

<disk-letter> replace with the drive letter of the hard drive you want to check for errors. The argument “/f” means “fix”.

The disk must be locked. If chkdsk cannot lock the disk, a message will appear asking you if you want to check the disk the next time you restart the computer.

You can also avoid this by running the following command:

chkdsk <disk-letter>: /f /offlinescanandfix

Adding “/offlinescanandfix” to the command ensures that the affected hard drive is checked for errors when the computer is rebooted. This process is thus started just before Windows is loaded.

I hope to have informed you of this. Thanks for reading!

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